Calluses are composed of the same material as corns. Calluses, however, develop on the ball or heel of the foot. The skin on the sole of the foot is ordinarily about 40 times thicker than the skin anywhere else on the body, but a callus can even be twice as thick. A protective callus layer naturally develops to guard against excessive pressure and chafing as people get older and the padding of fat on the bottom of the foot thins out. If calluses get too big or too hard, they may pull and tear the underlying skin. Trauma whether acute or repeated on the foot is a great cause of foot pain The trauma is usually as a result of forces outside of the body either directly impacting the body or forcing the body into a position where a single or many forces result in damage of the body structure. Poor biomechanical bone alignment also causes pain in the foot. Tying shoes very tightly can also lead to the pain or even bruising at the top of the foot. Tendon injury known as Achilles tendonitis is also a cause of pain in feet. Long term effects could be corns, bunions and joint and nerve irritation. The complete structure of the foot is composed of 24 bones forming a double crossing arch in the foot. There are multiple joints, ligaments and tissues intertwined around each other, contributing to the anatomy of the foot. One of the most important muscles of the foot is the plantar fascia that provides secondary support to the foot. Weight absorbing pads are also essential structures of the foot that protects it from getting hurt while walking or running. Foot pain is an indication of some problems affecting the interaction of internal muscles and its contact with the external surrounding. Lifestyle plays big role in people having disorders like foot pain in heel. As people tend to wear stylish footwear without considering the consequences for the foot, the risk increases and the possibility of having foot pain in heel or other foot disorders is likely. Take, for example, flip-flops, heavy, hard Achilles Pain fashion sandals and even the latest fashion pointy-toed, towering stiletto. Most flip-flops do not support the foot arch nor provide heel cushioning or shock absorption; the fashionable pointed shoes squeeze and pressurize the foot, and over time could result in debilitating foot problems later in life. Usually heel pain occurs due to extreme sprain or in some cases it can cause from a trauma to the heel. Your heel is that part of the body which touches the ground in the course of walking. When you are walking, it is your heel bone that is more likely to stress. The most common reason of heel pain or spurs is a condition called plantar fasciitis. When the plantar fascia (a band or group of fibrous tissue) that runs under the foot and forms your arch is turned out to be inflamed this condition is called plantar fasciitis. Arthritis is one of the biggest problems faced by millions of people everyday. Severe pain and swelling of the foot are some of the symptoms associated with arthritis. This condition can be so severe at times that the person must be confined to bed. If you suffer from this condition you can apply the following treatments to get some relief for your foot pain. Avoid placing any weight on the suffering foot by providing it with support such as crutches or a cane. There are many non-prescription medications that can be used to provide temporary foot pain relief. These include Advil, Aleve and Tylenol. If you had been standing all day or had walked around in high heels, then the foot pain that you might be experiencing could be due to overworked foot muscles.The best home remedy for tired and achy feet is to soak them in warm water. Add a tablespoon of Epsom salt and a few drops of peppermint essential oil. The warm water will help in soothing achy feet muscles and it will relax and rejuvenate you. This is one of the best natural remedies for foot pain and is useful for foot pain that is caused due to fatigue.
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